Definitions of tanning

  1. beating with a whip or strap or rope as a form of punishment
  2. process in which skin pigmentation darkens as a result of exposure to ultraviolet light
  3. making leather from rawhide
  4. of Tan
  5. The art or process of converting skins into leather. See Tan, v. t., 1.
  6. A process of preserving animal hides by chemical treatment ( using vegetable tannins, metallic sulfates, and sulfurized phenol compounds, or syntans) to make them immune to bacterial attack, and subsequent treatments with fats and greases to make them pliable. ( McGraw- Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
  7. The process of converting hides into leather; a browning of the skin by exposure to the sun or weather.
  8. The practice, operation, and art of converting the raw hides and skins of animals into leather by effecting a chemical combination between the gelatine of which they principally consist and the astringent vegetable principle called tannic acid or tannin. The object of the tanning process is to produce such a chemical change in skins as may render them unalterable by those agents which tend to decompose them in their natural state, and in connection with the subsequent operations of currying or dressing to bring them into a state of pliability and impermeability to water which may adapt them for the many useful purposes to which leather is applied. The larger and heavier skins subjected to the tanning process, as those of buffaloes, bulls, oxen, and cows, are technically called hides; while those of smaller animals, as calves, sheep, and goats, are called skins. After being cleared of the hair, wool, and fleshy parts, by the aid of lime, scraping, and other means, the skins are usually steeped in an infusion of ground oak bark, which supplies the astringent or tanning principle, and thus converts them into leather. Different tanners, however, vary much in the mode of conducting the process of tanning, and also the skins intended for different kinds of leather require to be treated differently. Various improvements have been made in the process of tanning, by which time and labor are much reduced; but it is found that the slow process followed by the old tanners produces leather far superior to that produced by quick processes.
  9. The art of converting raw hides into leather by the use of tan.
  10. The process of turning skins or hides into leather.

Usage examples for tanning

  1. All our hunters got was deer; they lay here a couple of days and got plenty of deer, and did some tanning and 'jurking. – The Young Alaskans on the Missouri by Emerson Hough
  2. I thought as all young Americans do that it was rather hard to get such a tanning in Michigan, and I had begun to think myself quite a somebody. – The Bark Covered House or, Back in the Woods Again by William Nowlin
  3. The Wilder Tanning Company was building a hotel for 50 single men and individual houses of five, six, seven and eight rooms for families. – Negro Migration during the War by Emmett J. Scott
  4. The great advantage for clothing purposes of wool over fur is that the wool is porous through and through, while the fur is borne upon, and backed by, a layer of leather- the skin of the animal upon which it grew- which layer, after tanning and curing, becomes almost absolutely air- tight. – A Handbook of Health by Woods Hutchinson
  5. The hide originally dehaired was long ago ready for tanning, as well as the later ones. – The Wonder Island Boys: Exploring the Island by Roger Thompson Finlay
  6. Sixty neophytes are engaged in weaving and allied tasks; the carpenter of the presidio is engaged at a dollar a day to teach the neophytes his trade; and a corporal is teaching them tanning at $ 150 a year. – The Old Franciscan Missions Of California by George Wharton James
  7. The haymakers in merry ranks Tossing the swathes so sweet, The haycocks tanning olive- brown In glowing summer heat. – John Keble's Parishes by Charlotte M Yonge
  8. Not that it doesn't do a boy good, though, once in a while, to have a good tanning. – Bob the Castaway by Frank V. Webster
  9. For tanning water- skins the Somal here always use, when they can procure it, a rugged bark with a smooth epidermis of a reddish tinge, a pleasant aromatic odour, and a strong astringent flavour. – First Footsteps in East Africa or, an Exploration of Harar by Richard F. Burton
  10. The fluid is employed chiefly for tanning purposes, but it is also used for cleaning food platters, drinking cups and, worst of all, for washing the body, which it is said to protect from cold. – From Paris to New York by Land by Harry de Windt
  11. It was dead white under its tanning, and the blue eyes were widely staring. – In the Brooding Wild by Ridgwell Cullum
  12. Most of the men were away at work, some in Monopoly or Economy, whither they went in the early morning in their tin Lizzies to a little store or a country bank, or a dusty law office; some in the fields of the fertile valley; and others off behind the thick willow fringe where lurked the home industries of tanning and canning and knitting, with a plush mill higher up the slope behind a group of alders and beeches, its ugly stone chimneys picturesque against the mountain, but doing its best to spoil the little stream at its feet with all colors of the rainbow, at intervals dyeing its bright waters. – The City of Fire by Grace Livingston Hill
  13. Wind and sun were tanning his skin to the hue of health. – Kenny by Leona Dalrymple
  14. It was full of important data relative to tanning processes. – The Monk of Hambleton by Armstrong Livingston
  15. " We have some hides that need tanning, and the fresh bear pelt must be cured. – The Wonder Island Boys: Exploring the Island by Roger Thompson Finlay
  16. The light, falling directly upon the package he carried, showed it to be a bundle of hides all ready for tanning. – A Book of Quaker Saints by Lucy Violet Hodgkin
  17. I tried to get him to talk, and told him about some new tanning machinery I had seen. – Coniston, Book I. by Winston Churchill
  18. 48. This chemical with its compounds were the agents used in tanning. – Practical Grammar and Composition by Thomas Wood
  19. But she found nothing but a treatise on tanning and an old almanac until, happening to look behind the glass on the chest of drawers in the inner room, she discovered a small volume which she took to be the New Testament. – Cruel As The Grave by Mrs. Emma D. E. N. Southworth