COUNT VITTORIO ALFLERI
\kˈa͡ʊnt vɪtˈɔːɹɪˌə͡ʊ ɐlflˈɜːɹi], \kˈaʊnt vɪtˈɔːɹɪˌəʊ ɐlflˈɜːɹi], \k_ˈaʊ_n_t v_ɪ_t_ˈɔː_ɹ_ɪ__ˌəʊ ɐ_l_f_l_ˈɜː_ɹ_i]\
Definitions of COUNT VITTORIO ALFLERI
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A celebrated Italian dramatist; born at Asti in Piedmont, Jan. 17, 1749; died at Florence, Oct. 8, 1803. He came into his vast paternal inheritance at the age of 14; and two or three years afterward began a series of travels which extended over nearly all the European countries, returning to Turin, 1772. He was the hero of many romantic adventures, and his first bent toward literature was given him by his desire to lessen the tedium of illness for a lady of whom he was enamored. His success determined his after career. He claborated the slender sketch of a dramatic dialogue into a tragedy in five acts, "Cleopatra", which was put on the stage in Turin, 1775. Conscious of his imperfect acquaintance with literature and the niceties of his native language, he now began the study of Latin and of the Tuscan dialect. At Florence he formed an attachment for the Countess of Albany, which ended only with his life. His tragedies, "Cleopatra", "Polinice", "Antigone", "Agide", "Bruto", and several others, are founded on classic themes, and formed on the Hellenic model. "Saul", founded on Hebrew sacred history, but elaborated according to the canons of Grecian dramaturgy, was by far the most popular of Alfieri's dramas. The "Filippo" presents, in lineaments that could be drawn only by the hand of a master, the sombre character of Philip II. of Spain. He wrote in all twenty-one tragedies and six comedies, and composed many sonnets; among his odes are five on "American Independence". His prose works comprise an essay on "Tyranny", a volume of "Essays on Literature and Government", and "Memoirs of his Life".
By Charles Dudley Warner
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- One in which inflammatory changes have occurred.