\məɹˈiːnz], \məɹˈiːnz], \m_ə_ɹ_ˈiː_n_z]\
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By DataStellar Co., Ltd
By Henry Campbell Black
The United States Marine Corps was first established by Act of Congress November 10, 1775, authorizing the enlistment of two battalions to be called the "first and second battalions of marines." The Marine Corps was re-established by Act of Congress July 11, 1798. By this act the marines are at any time liable to do duty in the forts and garrisons of the United States. While enlisted they are exempt from arrest for debt or contract. There is no regimental organization, but the corps may be formed into companies as the President directs. The marines are at all times subject to the laws and regulations of the navy. By the Act of 1874, the commander-in-chief of marines is entitled to the rank and pay of a colonel.
By John Franklin Jameson