KHWAJA SHAMS-AD-DIN MUHAMMAD HAFIZ
\kˌe͡ɪˈe͡ɪt͡ʃwˈɑːd͡ʒə ʃˈamzˈaddˈɪn mə͡ʊhˈamɪd hˈafɪz], \kˌeɪˈeɪtʃwˈɑːdʒə ʃˈamzˈaddˈɪn məʊhˈamɪd hˈafɪz], \k_ˌeɪ_ˈeɪ_tʃ_w_ˈɑː_dʒ_ə ʃ_ˈa_m_z_ˈa_d_d_ˈɪ_n m_əʊ_h_ˈa_m_ɪ_d h_ˈa_f_ɪ_z]\
Definitions of KHWAJA SHAMS-AD-DIN MUHAMMAD HAFIZ
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Persia's famous lyric poet; born at Shiraz, about 1300; died there, 1389. The most complete English edition of his works is that of H. Wilberforce Clarke: "The Divan i Hafiz, Translated" (1891). Hafiz seems to be most characteristic in his many "Ghazels" or odes, whose themes are his own emotions. Sir William Jones was one of the first English translators. Other English translations include: "Selections from Hafiz" (1875), by H. Bicknell; "Persian Poetry for English Readers" (privately printed, 1883), by S. Robinson; "Ghazels from the Divan of Hafiz" (1893), by Justin Huntley McCarthy. There is a complete German translation by V. von Rosenzweig (3 vols., 1856-64).
By Charles Dudley Warner