\ɪpɪstˈaksɪs], \ɪpɪstˈaksɪs], \ɪ_p_ɪ_s_t_ˈa_k_s_ɪ_s]\
Definitions of EPISTAXIS
- 2006 - WordNet 3.0
- 2011 - English Dictionary Database
- 2010 - Medical Dictionary Database
- 1914 - Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language
- 1920 - A practical medical dictionary.
- 1898 - Warner's pocket medical dictionary of today.
- 1874 - Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language
- 1846 - Medical lexicon: a dictionary of medical science
- 1898 - American pocket medical dictionary
- 1916 - Appleton's medical dictionary
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By Nuttall, P.Austin.
By Stedman, Thomas Lathrop
By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H.
This is one of the most common varieties of hemorrhage; the organization of the Schneiderian membrane being favourable to it, as the blood-vessels are but slightly supported. It does not generally flow from both nostrils, and is very apt to recur. Puberty is the period at which it is most common. Its exciting causes are:- any thing that will induce local congestions, as running, coughing, blowing the nose, &c., provided there be a predisposition to it. A common case of epistaxis requires but little treatment, especially if in a young person. Light diet and a dose or two of the sulphate of magnesia will he sufficient. In more severe attacks, cold and astringent washes of alum, sulphate of nine, weak sulphuric acid, or creosote, may be used, and the nostrils be plugged anteriorly; but if the bleeding goes on posteriorly, the posterior nares must be plugged likewise,- the patient being kept with the head raised. The flow of blood has been arrested by directing the patient to stand up with his head elevated, compressing the nostril whence the blood flows with the finger, raising the corresponding arm perpendicularly, and holding it in this position for about two minutes. A less vigorous circulation through the carotids appears to result from the increased force required to carry on the circulation through the upper extremities when raised. - Negrier. To prevent the recurrence, strict diet must be inculcated.
By Robley Dunglison
By Willam Alexander Newman Dorland