Dictionary.net

Definitions of un

  1. Those which have acquired an opposed or contrary, instead of a merely negative, meaning; as, unfriendly, ungraceful, unpalatable, unquiet, and the like; or else an intensive sense more than a prefixed not would express; as, unending, unparalleled, undisciplined, undoubted, unsafe, and the like.
  2. Back; used to express the reversal of the action of the verb.
  3. A prefix meaning not; also expressing undoing of the action or condition implied in the word: used before almost any adjective, participle, or adverb, thus forming a large number of words, of which only the most important are here included.
  4. A negative prefix, signifying not, or the want of, which may be attached to nouns, adjectives, adverbs, verbs, and participles. When applied to nouns, adjectives, or participles when used adjectively, it usually denotes the absence of the state, quality, or condition expressed by the simple word, as unhappiness, unhappy, unfeeling, unarmed. When applied to adverbs, it denotes the negation of the modification expressed by the adverb, as unhappily. Applied to transitive verbs, or their participles, it usually denotes an undoing or reversal of the action expressed by the simple word, as unbind, unlock. Words beginning with un-, not found below, may be explained by adding not, or want of, to the simple word, or as indicated above.
  5. Not; used to express negation, incompleteness, or opposition.
  6. A prefix signifying " not"; the opposite of; un, signifying " not," or " the opposite of," may be used before almost any adjective, as in unfruitful, the opposite of fruitful; before nouns derived from adjectives, as in unfruitfulness, the opposite of fruitfulness, and before adverbs, as in unfruitfully; un before a verb signifies " to take off"; to deprive of; to undo; to destroy,- as in undress, to take off dress. Note.- Those words only are given which are in most general use; when not found, turn to the word, less the prefix un, or to the primary word, for further explanations and the roots. Un is equivalent to the Latin prefix in when it signifies not. In the use of un or in before adjectives, usage has greatly varied. As to when it is proper, according to the best usage, to write un or in, the best guide is to consult the dictionary. In many cases both in and un are in good use as prefixes for the same word, and are used indifferently, some writers preferring un and others in.
  7. Those which are anomalous, provincial, or, for some other reason, not desirable to be used, and are so indicated; as, unpure for impure, unsatisfaction for dissatisfaction, unexpressible for inexpressible, and the like.
  8. is prefixed to nouns to express the absence of, or the contrary of, that which the noun signifies; as, unbelief, unfaith, unhealth, unrest, untruth, and the like.
  9. Those which have the value of independent words, inasmuch as the simple words are either not used at all, or are rarely, or at least much less frequently, used; as, unavoidable, unconscionable, undeniable, unspeakable, unprecedented, unruly, and the like;
  10. An inseparable verbal prefix or particle. It is prefixed: ( a) To verbs to express the contrary, and not the simple negative, of the action of the verb to which it is prefixed; as in uncoil, undo, unfold. ( b) To nouns to form verbs expressing privation of the thing, quality, or state expressed by the noun, or separation from it; as in unchild, unsex. Sometimes particles and participial adjectives formed with this prefix coincide in form with compounds of the negative prefix un- ( see 2d Un-); as in undone ( from undo), meaning unfastened, ruined; and undone ( from 2d un- and done) meaning not done, not finished. Un- is sometimes used with an intensive force merely; as in unloose.
  11. To past particles, or to adjectives formed after the analogy of past particles, to indicate the absence of the condition or state expressed by them
  12. A Saxon prefix signifying not before nouns or adjectives, and the reversal of the action or its undoing before verbs.
  13. To adjectives, to denote the absence of the quality designated by the adjective
  14. is prefixed to adjectives, or to words used adjectively.
  15. Un- is prefixed to adjectives, or to words used adjectively.
  16. To present particles which come from intransitive verbs, or are themselves employed as adjectives, to mark the absence of the activity, disposition, or condition implied by the participle; as, - -- and the like.
  17. Un- is prefixed to nouns to express the absence of, or the contrary of, that which the noun signifies; as, unbelief, unfaith, unhealth, unrest, untruth, and the like.
  18. an organization of independent states to promote international peace and security
  19. Those which have the value of independent words, inasmuch as the simple words are either not used at all, or are rarely, or at least much less frequently, used; as, unavoidable, unconscionable, undeniable, unspeakable, unprecedented, unruly, and the like; or inasmuch as they are used in a different sense from the usual meaning of the primitive, or especially in one of the significations of the latter; as, unaccountable, unalloyed, unbelieving, unpretending, unreserved, and the like; or inasmuch as they are so frequently and familiarly used that they are hardly felt to be of negative origin; as, uncertain, uneven, and the like.
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Usage examples for un

  1. " Go an' live with un," 'e says; " my blessin' on ye." – The Fourth Series Plays, Complete by John Galsworthy
  2. I got un now, he said; now I don't mind coming out. – Erema My Father's Sin by R. D. Blackmore
  3. Here, young un, tell Tom Drift Charlie can't come. – The Adventures of a Three-Guinea Watch by Talbot Baines Reed
  4. Real despair is un- human and possibly rare. – The Subterranean Brotherhood by Julian Hawthorne
  5. " I am a guest in the house in which he serves," Kollomietzev exclaimed, " yes, serves for money, comme un salarie.... – Virgin Soil by Ivan S. Turgenev
  6. " Cussed if that ain't a good un! – Bring Me His Ears by Clarence E. Mulford
  7. Well, well, I must get on with her grave; they're a- coming to speak the good word over un on sundown. – Erema My Father's Sin by R. D. Blackmore
  8. A thin chap nivver looks as common as a fat un. – T. Tembarom by Frances Hodgson Burnett
  9. " Nay, I'm sorry for that," replied Bart; " but what I meant was that I didn't give the captain one hard un on the head." – Commodore Junk by George Manville Fenn
  10. The biggest, bald- headest young un you ever see. – The Reclaimers by Margaret Hill McCarter
  11. A row in the hunting- field's un- English, I call it." – The Complete Project Gutenberg Works of George Meredith by George Meredith
  12. C'est un fanatique tranquille." – Virgin Soil by Ivan S. Turgenev
  13. The un- English element in it. – The Moon out of Reach by Margaret Pedler
  14. You call me Jography, young un. – The Children's Pilgrimage by L. T. Meade
  15. What, bain't I to take un? – Tom Brown at Oxford by Thomas Hughes
  16. Why should I take the trouble to help you and the young un? – The Mormon Prophet by Lily Dougall
  17. As for me, for it is I, and I am an Englishman in Italiane, I know they have a knife at command to cut my throate, Un Inglese Italianato, e un Diauolo incarnato. – Shakespeare's Lost Years in London, 1586-1592 by Arthur Acheson
  18. Like to hear un, sir? – Tom Brown's School Days by Thomas Hughes
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