TRIGEMINAL NERVE DISEASES
\tɹa͡ɪd͡ʒˈɛmɪnə͡l nˈɜːv dɪzˈiːzɪz], \tɹaɪdʒˈɛmɪnəl nˈɜːv dɪzˈiːzɪz], \t_ɹ_aɪ_dʒ_ˈɛ_m_ɪ_n_əl n_ˈɜː_v d_ɪ_z_ˈiː_z_ɪ_z]\
Definitions of TRIGEMINAL NERVE DISEASES
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Diseases of the trigeminal nerve or its nuclei, which are located in the pons and medulla. The nerve is composed of three divisions: ophthalmic, maxillary, and mandibular, which provide sensory innervation to structures of the face, sinuses, and portions of the cranial vault. The mandibular nerve also innervates muscles of mastication. Clinical features include loss of facial and intra-oral sensation and weakness of jaw closure. Common conditions affecting the nerve include brain stem ischemia, INFRATENTORIAL NEOPLASMS, and TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA.
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