Definitions of temperament

  1. Internal constitution; state with respect to the relative proportion of different qualities, or constituent parts.
  2. Due mixture of qualities; a condition brought about by mutual compromises or concessions.
  3. Condition with regard to heat or cold; temperature.
  4. your usual mood; " he has a happy disposition"
  5. excessive emotionalism or irritability and excitability ( especially when displayed openly)
  6. an adjustment of the intervals ( as in tuning a keyboard instrument) so that the scale can be used to play in different keys
  7. A system of compromises in the tuning of organs, pianofortes, and the like, whereby the tones generated with the vibrations of a ground tone are mutually modified and in part canceled, until their number reduced to the actual practicable scale of twelve tones to the octave. This scale, although in so far artificial, is yet closely suggestive of its origin in nature, and this system of tuning, although not mathematically true, yet satisfies the ear, while it has the convenience that the same twelve fixed tones answer for every key or scale, C/ becoming identical with D/, and so on.
  8. The peculiar physical and mental character of an individual, in olden times erroneously supposed to be due to individual variation in the relations and proportions of the constituent parts of the body, especially of the fluids, as the bile, blood, lymph, etc. Hence the phrases, bilious or choleric temperament, sanguine temperament, etc., implying a predominance of one of these fluids and a corresponding influence on the temperament.
  9. Disposition; the natural mental and physical make- up of a person.
  10. State with respect to the predominance of any quality: internal constitution or state: disposition.
  11. Individual constitution; adjustment.
  12. Constitution; state with respect to the predominance of any quality; due mixture of different qualities, or the result; physical and mental constitution peculiar to an individual; compromise; adjustment.
  13. Natural organisation or constitution; due mixture of different qualities; the peculiar physical and mental character of an individual,- the temperaments are reckoned five in number- bilious or choleric, the phlegmatic, the sanguine, the melancholic, and the nervous; in music, a system of compromises in the tuning of organs, pianofortes, and the like.
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