Definitions of surname

  1. To give a family name to; call by a family name.
  2. To name or call by an appellation added to the original name: to give a surname to. " Another shall subscribe with his hand to the Lord, and surname himself by the name of Israel."- Is. xliv. 5. " And Simon he surnamed Peter."- Mark. iii. 16.
  3. To call by a surname.
  4. To name or call by surname.
  5. To give a surname to, or to call by one.
  6. the name used to identify the members of a family ( as distinguished from each member's given name)
  7. An appellation added to the original name; an agnomen.
  8. A name added to a baptismal or Christian name, and used as a family name.
  9. An additional name: a name or appellation added to the baptismal or Christian name, and which becomes a family name. Surnames with us originally designated occupation, estate, place of residence, or some particular thing or event that related to the person. Thus William Rufus, or red; Edmund Ironsides; Robert Smith, or the smith; William Turner. Surnames seem to have been formed at first by adding the name of the father to that of the son, and in this manner several of our surnames were produced. Thus from Thomas William's son we have Thomas Williamson; from John's son we have Johnson, etc. " There still, however, wanted something to ascertain gentility of blood, where it was not marked by the actual tenure of land. This was supplied by two innovations, devised in the eleventh and twelfth centuries, the adoption of surnames and of armorial bearings." – Hallam.
  10. Name borne after the baptismal name.
  11. A name subjoined to a personal name; family name.
  12. A name or appellation added to the baptismal or Christian name; the family name; an appellation added to the original name.
  13. A name added to, or over and above, the baptismal or Christian name- as William Smith, Smith being the surname, and William the baptismal or Christian name; the family name.
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