\stɹˈabɪsməs], \stɹˈabɪsməs], \s_t_ɹ_ˈa_b_ɪ_s_m_ə_s]\
Definitions of STRABISMUS
- 1919 - The Winston Simplified Dictionary
- 1920 - A practical medical dictionary.
- 1898 - Warner's pocket medical dictionary of today.
- 1874 - Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language
- 1846 - Medical lexicon: a dictionary of medical science
- 1898 - American pocket medical dictionary
- 1916 - Appleton's medical dictionary
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By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer
By Stedman, Thomas Lathrop
By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H.
Want of concordance of the optic axes. It may he dependent upon natural or acquired inequality in the action of the motor muscles of the eye; on a convulsive state of one of those muscles; a difference in the sensibility of the two eyes; or a cerebral affection. In the treatment, if the disease seem to depend upon an excess of strength in one of the motor muscles we must endeavour to give tone to that which is too weak, by placing before the eye a mask having a small aperture on the side to which it is necessary to direct the pupil; or by wearing glasses, provided with a piece of looking-glass, on the side to which the eye is vitiously turned; so that the reflection may be inconvenient, and occasion the organ to be turned in an opposite direction; or by putting a black patch on the angle opposite to that to which the eye is turned. If owing to weakness, the organ must be strengthened by being exerted alone, and by leaving the other at rest. If the disease be symptomatic of cerebral affection, attention must, of course, be directed to the latter. Strabismus may be single, or affect one eye only, or double, and it may he convergent or divergent. Those affected with Strabismus are called Strabi, Strabones, Straboni, Strebli, Hli, Illides, Squintere, Squint-eyed, (Sc.) Gleyed, (F.)Louches, Bigles. A slight deviation is generally called a Cast in the Eye, and, sometimes, a Cock-eye.
By Robley Dunglison
By Willam Alexander Newman Dorland