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Definitions of shall

  1.   Shall and will are often confounded by inaccurate speakers or writers, and even writers such as Addison sometimes make a slip. In quoting the following lines from a song in Sir George Etherege's " She Would if she Could" ( 1704), Mr. R. Grant White says. " I do not know in English literature another passage in which the distinction between shall and will and would and should is at once so elegantly, so variously, so precisely, and so compactly illustrated.
  2.   To be under obligation: used in the future tense of the verb.
  3.   To owe; to be under obligation for.
  4.   As an auxiliary, shall indicates a duty or necessity whose obligation is derived from the person speaking; as, you shall go; he shall go; that is, I order or promise your going. It thus ordinarily expresses, in the second and third persons, a command, a threat, or a promise. If the auxillary be emphasized, the command is made more imperative, the promise or that more positive and sure. It is also employed in the language of prophecy; as, " the day shall come when... , " since a promise or threat and an authoritative prophecy nearly coincide in significance. In shall with the first person, the necessity of the action is sometimes implied as residing elsewhere than in the speaker; as, I shall suffer; we shall see; and there is always a less distinct and positive assertion of his volition than is indicated by will. " I shall go" implies nearly a simple futurity; more exactly, a foretelling or an expectation of my going, in which, naturally enough, a certain degree of plan or intention may be included; emphasize the shall, and the event is described as certain to occur, and the expression approximates in meaning to our emphatic " I will go." In a question, the relation of speaker and source of obligation is of course transferred to the person addressed; as, " Shall you go?" ( answer, " I shall go"); " Shall he go?" i. e., " Do you require or promise his going?" ( answer, " He shall go".) The same relation is transferred to either second or third person in such phrases as " You say, or think, you shall go;" " He says, or thinks, he shall go." After a conditional conjunction ( as if, whether) shall is used in all persons to express futurity simply; as, if I, you, or he shall say they are right. Should is everywhere used in the same connection and the same senses as shall, as its imperfect. It also expresses duty or moral obligation; as, he should do it whether he will or not. In the early English, and hence in our English Bible, shall is the auxiliary mainly used, in all the persons, to express simple futurity. ( Cf. Will, v. t.) Shall may be used elliptically; thus, with an adverb or other word expressive of motion go may be omitted.
  5.   Should.
  6.   Art to, is to, or are to. Shall and will, as auxiliaries expressing simple futurity, are used as follows; I shall; thou will; he will; we shall; you will; they will. As auxiliaries expressing a promise, determination, command, or permission, their use is precisely the opposite, viz.: I will; thou shalt; he shall; we will; you shall; they shall.
  7.   Auxiliary verb used in forming the future tense.
  8.   An auxiliary and defective verb; one of the two signs employed to express futurity, will being the other; in the first person shall simply foretells or declares; in the second person and third person it promises or expresses determination; interrogatively, shall either asks for permission or for direction; shall, like will, apart from its othersenses, uniformly denotes futurity.
  9.   Am to, or are to.
  10.   Must; ought; a defective verb, usually denoting promise, obligation, determination, or command.
  11.   be going to; indicates futurity
  12.   Auxiliary having no participles, imperative, or infinitive, and followed by the infinitive without to; used, together with will, to form the simple future tense: thus, to express simple futurity, singular, first person, I shall; second person, you will; third person, he will; plural, first person, we shall; second person, you will; third person, they will; used to express determination in an arrangement exactly the opposite: used in a question, according to the form expected in the answer; as, shall I? will you? etc.
  13.   To be obliged; must.

Quotes of shall

  1. I have no name: I am but two days old. What shall I call thee? I happy am, Joy is my name. Sweet joy befall thee! – William Blake
  2. We shall win only by working together. – Gnassingbe Eyadema
  3. And in that I cannot send unto you all my businesses in writing, I despatch these present bearers fully informed in all things, to whom it may please you to give faith and credence in what they shall say unto you by word of mouth. – Owen Glendower
  4. If we should ever get to Heaven, we shall find nobody to reproach us for being black, or for being slaves. – Jupiter Hammon
  5. No one shall expel us from the paradise that Cantor has created for us. – David Hilbert
  6. That a man be willing, when others are so too, as far forth as for peace and defence of himself he shall think it necessary, to lay down this right to all things; and be contented with so much liberty against other men, as he would allow other men against himself. – Thomas Hood
  7. Some day I shall be President. – Abraham Lincoln
  8. Our votes must go together with our guns. After all, any vote we shall have, shall have been the product of the gun. The gun which produces the vote should remain its security officer- its guarantor. The people's votes and the people's guns are always inseparable twins. – Robert Mugabe
  9. From my rotting body, flowers shall grow and I am in them and that is eternity. – Edvard Munch
  10. Let me reassure that the Kingdom of Cambodia a country with independence, neutrality, peace, freedom, democracy and human rights as you all have seen, shall be existing with no end. – Hun Sen
  11. Can a woman become a genius of the first class? Nobody can know unless women in general shall have equal opportunity with men in education, in vocational choice, and in social welcome of their best intellectual work for a number of generations. – Anna Garlin Spencer
  12. If the opposition disarms, well and good. If it refuses to disarm, we shall disarm it ourselves. – Joseph Stalin
  13. I have looked on scenery as a strange and on scenery more grand, but on scenery at once so strange and so grand I have never looked and probably never shall again. – Dean Stanley
  14. That text -books be permitted in Catholic schools such as will not offend the religious views of the minority, and which from an educational standpoint shall be satisfactory to the advisory board. – Charles Tupper
  15. Integrity of life is fame's best friend, which nobly, beyond death, shall crown in the end. – John Webster

Usage examples for shall

  1. “ " But I shall know, Father. ” – The Wrong Twin by Harry Leon Wilson
  2. “ I shall never understand anything about them. ” – Jeremy by Hugh Walpole
  3. Shall I tell you what he said? ” – The Complete Project Gutenberg Works of George Meredith by George Meredith
  4. “ I tell you it shall be so!... ” – Where the Pavement Ends by John Russell
  5. Then you shall come with us. ” – The Boy Allies with Uncle Sams Cruisers by Ensign Robert L. Drake
  6. But, say, what shall I call you?" ” – If Any Man Sin by H. A. Cody
  7. You shall hear them then.... ” – A Royal Prisoner by Pierre Souvestre Marcel Allain
  8. “ I shall never be well, my child. ” – A Letter of Credit by Susan Warner
  9. Why, I shall never know. ” – We Three by Gouverneur Morris
  10. “ I shall come right again. ” – The Allen House or Twenty Years Ago and Now by T. S. Arthur
  11. “ I shall look them over. ” – Roughing it De Luxe by Irvin S. Cobb
  12. Shall we do it?" ” – The Lone Ranche by Captain Mayne Reid
  13. Shall I tell him I know who it is? ” – Questionable Shapes by William Dean Howells
  14. “ " Then you shall go," said the doctor. ” – Middy and Ensign by G. Manville Fenn
  15. Shall I never see him again? ” – Norston's Rest by Ann S. Stephens
  16. This I shall not do. ” – The Virgin of the Sun by H. R. Haggard
  17. Why, I shall die! ” – Queen Hildegarde by Laura Elizabeth Howe Richards
  18. But how shall I do it? ” – Moral by Ludwig Thoma
  19. And so shall we be ever with the Lord. ” – My Daily Meditation for the Circling Year by John Henry Jowett
  20. “ I shall believe I do. ” – Love Under Fire by Randall Parrish

Rhymes for shall

Idioms for shall