\skˌɑːlɐtˈiːnə], \skˌɑːlɐtˈiːnə], \s_k_ˌɑː_l_ɐ_t_ˈiː_n_ə]\
Definitions of SCARLATINA
- 1920 - A practical medical dictionary.
- 1919 - The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language
- 1914 - Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language
- 1874 - Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language
- 1846 - Medical lexicon: a dictionary of medical science
- 1898 - American pocket medical dictionary
- 1916 - Appleton's medical dictionary
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Scarlet fever, an acute exanthematous disease, marked by fever and other constitutional disturbances, and a generalized eruption of closely aggregated points or small macules of a bright red color, followed by desquamation in large scales, shreds, or sheets. The mucous membrane of the mouth and fauces is usually also involved. The incubation period varies from 5 to 12 days.
By Stedman, Thomas Lathrop
By James Champlin Fernald
By Nuttall, P.Austin.
By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H.
The characteristic symptoms of scarlatina are: - a scarlet flush, appearing about the second day of fever on the face, neck, and fauces; and progressively spreading over the body; terminating about the 7th day. Two great varieties may be reckoned :-the S. simplex seu febris seu benig'na seu sine angiâ€™na, in which the fever is moderate and terminates with the efflorescence; prostration of strength being trifling, and the contagious property slight ;-and the S. Anginoâ€™sa seu Paristhmit'ica seu Cynanch'ica seu mitior, in which the fever is severe; the throat ulcerated; the eruption later in its appearance, and less extensive; often changing to a livid hue; the fever being highly contagious. Scarlati'na maligâ€™na seu graâ€™vior, has been reckoned a variety of this, in its worst degree. It agrees with the Cynanche maligna of Cullen. Scarlatina belongs to the Major exanthemata, and is a disease, chiefly, of children. The eruption differs from that of measles, in being an efflorescence not raided above the cuticle. Measles, too, is attended with catarrhal symptoms, whilst the complication, in scarlatina, is cynanche. The treatment of simple scarlatina need not be much. It must be antiphlogistic. If the throat be very much ulcerated, acid gargles and counter-irritants must be employed; and if the affection become manifestly typhoid, and the sore throat of a malignant character, the case must be treated like typhus gravior; with antiseptic gargles of bark, acid, &c. Anasarca sometimes supervenes on scarlatina, and requires attention. Purgative are here demanded as well as the use of sorbefacients, such as mercury and aquill, &c.
By Robley Dunglison
By Willam Alexander Newman Dorland
Word of the day
- Regular instituted 1120, St. Norbert (whence Norbertines), at Premonstratum [L. , pointed out, it was said, by the Virgin], in Picardy. They were also called White Canons, from colour of their dress.