Definitions of rabbah

  1. great; powerful; contentious
  2. ( great ). 1. A very strong place on the east of the Jordan, and the chief city of the Ammonites. In five passages -- ( 3:11 ; 2 Samuel 12:26 ; 17:27 ; Jeremiah 49:2 ; Ezekiel 21:20 ) -- it is styled at length Rabbath of the Ammonites, or the children of Ammon; but elsewhere, ( Joshua 13:25 ; 2 Samuel 11:1 ; 2 Samuel 12:27 2 Samuel 12:29 ; 1 Chronicles 20:1 ; Jeremiah 49:3 ) simply Rabbah. When first named it is mentioned as containing the bed or sarcophagus of the giant Og. ( 3:11 ) David sent Joab to besiege Rabbah. ( 2 Samuel 11:1 2 Samuel 11:17 ) etc. Joab succeeded in capturing a portion of the place -- the " city of waters," that is, the lower town so called from its containing the perennial stream which rises in and still flows through it. The citadel still remained to be taken, but this was secured shortly after Davids arrival. ( 2 Samuel 12:26-31 ) Long after, at the date of the invasion of Nebuchadnezzar, ( Jeremiah 49:2 Jeremiah 49:3 ) it had walls and palaces. It is named in such terms as to imply that it was of equal importance with Jerusalem. ( Ezekiel 21:20 ) From Ptolemy Philadelphus ( B.C. 285-247) it received the name of Philadelphia. It was one of the cities of the Decapolis, and became the seat of a Christian bishop. Its ruins, which are considerable are found at Ammon about 22 miles from the Jordan. It lies in a valley which is a branch, or perhaps the main course, of the Wady Zerka usually identified with the Jabbok. The public buildings are said to be Roman, except the citadel, which is described as of large square stones put together without cement, and which is probably more ancient than the rest. 2. A city of Judah named with Kirjath-jearim in ( Joshua 15:60 ) only. No trace of its existence has yet been discovered.
  3. or Rab'bath, great. " Rabbath of the children of Ammon," the chief city of the Ammonites, among the eastern hills, some 20 miles east of the Jordan, on the southern of the two streams which united with the Jabbok. Here the bedstead of Og was preserved ( Deuteronomy 3:11 ), perhaps as a trophy of some victory gained by the Ammonites over the king of Bashan. After David had subdued all their allies in a great war, he sent Joab with a strong force to take their city. For two years it held out against its assailants. It was while his army was engaged in this protracted siege that David was guilty of that deed of shame which left a blot on his character and cast a gloom over the rest of his life. At length, having taken the " royal city" ( or the " city of waters," 2 Samuel 12:27 , i.e., the lower city on the river, as distinguished from the citadel), Joab sent for David to direct the final assault ( 11:1 ; 12:26-31 ). The city was given up to plunder, and the people were ruthlessly put to death, and " thus did he with all the cities of the children of Ammon." The destruction of Rabbath was the last of David's conquests. His kingdom now reached its farthest limits ( 2 Samuel 8:1-15 ; 1 Chronicles 18:1-15 ). The capture of this city is referred to by ( Amos 1:14 ), ( Jeremiah 49:2 Jeremiah 49:3 ), and ( Ezekiel 21:20 ; 25:5 ).
  4. or Rab'bath, great. A city in the hill country of Judah ( Joshua 15:60 ), possibly the ruin Rubba, six miles north-east of Beit-Jibrin. These dictionary topics are fromM.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.[ N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible[H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names[S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible DictionaryBibliography InformationEaston, Matthew George. " Entry for Rabbah". " Easton's Bible Dictionary". .
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