PORTOSYSTEMIC SHUNT, TRANSJUGULAR INTRAHEPATIC
\pˌɔːtəsɪstˈɛmɪk ʃˈʌnt], \pˌɔːtəsɪstˈɛmɪk ʃˈʌnt], \p_ˌɔː_t_ə_s_ɪ_s_t_ˈɛ_m_ɪ_k ʃ_ˈʌ_n_t]\
Definitions of PORTOSYSTEMIC SHUNT, TRANSJUGULAR INTRAHEPATIC
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A type of surgical portasystemic shunt to reduce portal hypertension with associated complications of esophageal varices and ascites. It is performed percutaneously through the jugular vein and involves the creation of an intrahepatic shunt between the hepatic vein and portal vein. The channel is maintained by a metallic stent. The procedure can be performed in patients who have failed sclerotherapy and is an additional option to the surgical techniques of portocaval, mesocaval, and splenorenal shunts. It takes one to three hours to perform. (JAMA 1995;273 (23):1824-30)
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