\plˈɪməθ kˈɒlənɪ], \plˈɪməθ kˈɒlənɪ], \p_l_ˈɪ_m_ə_θ k_ˈɒ_l_ə_n_ɪ]\
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By DataStellar Co., Ltd
By Princeton University
The first settlement in Massachusetts, founded by a party of Puritans from the north of England, November 11, 1620 (O. S.). These first settlers, called the Pilgrim Fathers, after having spent a number of years at Amsterdam and Leyden in search of religious liberty, secured a grant from the Virginia Company and embarked from Plymouth, England, September 6, 1620, on the " Mayflower." They were 108 in number. (See art. " Pilgrim Fathers.") During the first winter they endured great suffering and many died. John Carver was chosen as the first Governor of the colony. No royal charter was ever granted, though the colony was in existence nearly seventy years. The colonists bound themselves to obey certain laws, which they should frame themselves on principles of justice and moderation. In 1622-23, the number of the colonists was increased by new arrivals in the " Fortune," " Ann " and " Little James." Plymouth colony became a member of the New England Confederation (see United Colonies of New Egland) in 1643. By the Massachusetts charter of 1691, it was united with the colony of Massachusetts Bay.
By John Franklin Jameson