lichen

[l_ˈaɪ_k_ə_n], [lˈa͡ɪkən], [lˈa‍ɪkən]

Definitions of lichen:

  1.   One of a class of cellular, flowerless plants, ( technically called Lichenes), having no distinction of leaf and stem, usually of scaly, expanded, frond- like forms, but sometimes erect or pendulous and variously branched. They derive their nourishment from the air, and generate by means of spores. The species are very widely distributed, and form irregular spots or patches, usually of a greenish or yellowish color, upon rocks, trees, and various bodies, to which they adhere with great tenacity. They are often improperly called rock moss or tree moss. – Newage Dictionary DB
  2.   1. A cryptogamic moss- like plant, forming patches on rocks, tree- trunks, etc.; thought to be algae with parasitic fungi. ( The word in this sense is sometimes pronounced lichen.) 2. A general term denoting any papular eruption of the skin, now noting usually 1. planus. – A practical medical dictionary. By Stedman, Thomas Lathrop. Published 1920.
  3.   One of an order of air- nourished plants or fungi growing on stones, etc. – The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
  4.   One of an order of cellular flowerless plants: an eruption on the skin. – The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899.
  5.   One of the order of flowerless or cryptogamic plants found upon rocks and various bodies, commonly called rock or tree moss; a disease of the skin. – Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  6.   any thallophytic plant of the division Lichenes; occur as crusty patches or bushy growths on tree trunks or rocks or bare ground etc. – Wordnet Dictionary DB
  7.   any of several eruptive skin diseases characterized by hard thick lesions grouped together and resembling lichens growing on rocks – Wordnet Dictionary DB
  8.   A variety of skin diseases, with papules. – Warner's pocket medical dictionary of today. By William R. Warner. Published 1898.
  9.   A cellular flowerless plant. – The Clarendon dictionary. By William Hand Browne, Samuel Stehman Haldeman. Published 1894.
  10.   One of cellular cryptogamous plants, which appear in the form of thin flat crusts, & c., covering rocks and the bark of trees; an obstinate and annoying popular affection of the skin. – Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  11.   A flowerless plant growing flat upon a surface, as of a rock. – The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  12.   A name given to several varieties of skin disease, esp. to one characterized by the eruption of small, conical or flat, reddish pimples, which, if unchecked, tend to spread and produce great and even fatal exhaustion. – Newage Dictionary DB

Usage examples for lichen:

  1. In autumn comes the golden corn; and later on in mid winter we have pale jessamine and lichen thriving on the cottage walls. ” – A Cotswold Village by J. Arthur Gibbs
  2. There is not the feeling of repose that there is about some ruins, which seem to disown their debt to man, and to be bent on pretending that they are as entirely a work of Nature as any lichen covered boulder lying near them. ” – Devon, Its Moorlands, Streams and Coasts by Rosalind Northcote
  3. It clings to the mind when it has once seized on it like a lichen on the rock. ” – Frankenstein or The Modern Prometheus by Mary Wollstonecraft (Godwin) Shelley
  4. “ Sylvia stayed on for nearly an hour in the delightful, peaceful garden, and then, rather regretfully, she went up the lichen covered steps which led into the hall. ” – The Chink in the Armour by Marie Belloc Lowndes
  5. The lichen covered slabs that marked the graves of the early settlers leaned this way and that along the hill. ” – Georgina of the Rainbows by Annie Fellows Johnston
  6. We were sitting on the lowest step of a high, square tomb, moss- grown and lichen covered. ” – The Literary Sense by E. Nesbit
  7. “ No species showed any great luxuriance, and seldom did the black and white lichen crust produce any 'apothecium, ' The lichen vegetation was most abundant on the driftwood of the beach and on the tufts in the marshes. ” – The Voyage of the Vega round Asia and Europe, Volume I and Volume II by A.E. Nordenskieold
  8. Heedless of their greedy embrace, he walked with long stride towards the lower end of the yard, until he stood before a gray and lichen covered slab, on which were letters old and new. ” – Lancashire Idylls (1898) by Marshall Mather
  9. The lichen flora too was scanty. ” – The Voyage of the Vega round Asia and Europe, Volume I and Volume II by A.E. Nordenskieold
  10. “ I " Her cheeks were flushed delicately with the soft pink of the lichen flowers that bloom in the rare days of early summer. ” – The Eternal Maiden by T. Everett Harré
  11. Moss and green lichen had been scoured from the bases of the great weather- beaten pillars. ” – The Valiants of Virginia by Hallie Erminie Rives
  12. One of the boys sprang out and rang a bell, and presently an Italian man- servant opened a tall iron gate set in a crumbling stone arch, and showed more stone steps leading upward between walls covered with dripping lichen – The Woman With The Fan by Robert Hichens
  13. Passing a curious roadside cross which bears the date 1741 and a long Latin inscription splashed over with lichen one arrives at La Ferriere aux Etangs, a quaint village with a narrow and steep street containing one conspicuously old, timber- framed house. ” – Normandy, Complete The Scenery & Romance Of Its Ancient Towns by Gordon Home
  14. The lichen was grey like very old hair. ” – Dusty Star by Olaf Baker
  15. There they were- two of them standing upright, stained with lichen grey and weather- beaten, one lying flat, hollowed a little in the centre. ” – The Prelude to Adventure by Hugh Walpole
  16. The lichen seemed to have complete assurance that there was time enough for new work. ” – Waiting for Daylight by Henry Major Tomlinson
  17. “ I held the letter loosely in my hands, and looked into vacancy, yet I saw the chaffinch's nest on the lichen covered trunk of an old apple- tree opposite my window, and saw the mother- bird come fluttering in to feed her brood,- and yet I did not see it, although it seemed to me afterwards as if I could have drawn every fibre, every feather. ” – Cousin Phillis by Elizabeth Cleghorn Gaskell
  18. Both lovers work on the construction of the flat nest that is saddled on some mossy or lichen covered limb, and so cleverly do they cover the rounded edge with bits of bark and lichen that sharp eyes only can detect where the cradle lies. ” – Bird-Neighbors by Blanchan, Neltje
  19. As I walk home again through the wintry roads, and my eyes fix themselves with a tired languor on the green ivy- flowers- on the little gray- green lichen cups on the almshouse- wall, I think, Does no one remember her? ” – Nancy A Novel by Rhoda Broughton
  20. As plain John he would pass through life happy and unnoticed, but the great name of Milton hangs about him like a jest from which he can never escape- no, not even in the grave, for it will be continued there until the lichen has covered the name on the headstone with stealthy and kindly oblivion. ” – Pebbles on the Shore by Alpha of the Plough (Alfred George Gardiner)

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