LENTICULOSTRIATE VASCULAR DISEASES
\lˌɛntɪkjʊlˈɒstɹɪˌe͡ɪt vˈaskjʊlə dɪzˈiːzɪz], \lˌɛntɪkjʊlˈɒstɹɪˌeɪt vˈaskjʊlə dɪzˈiːzɪz], \l_ˌɛ_n_t_ɪ_k_j_ʊ_l_ˈɒ_s_t_ɹ_ɪ__ˌeɪ_t v_ˈa_s_k_j_ʊ_l_ə d_ɪ_z_ˈiː_z_ɪ_z]\
Definitions of LENTICULOSTRIATE VASCULAR DISEASES
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Infarction, hemorrhage, ischemia, or hypoxia of any component of the BASAL GANGLIA of the brain. Clinical manifestations may include involuntary or dyskinetic movements and hemiparesis (secondary to involvement of the INTERNAL CAPSULE). Etiologies include atherosclerosis, hypertension, inflammatory conditions (e.g., vasculitis), and emboli of arterial or cardiac origin. Lacunar infarctions frequently occur in the basal ganglia. Hemorrhages in this region are associated with hypertension, but may also result from the rupture of vascular malformations.
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