Dictionary.net

Definitions of jurisdiction

  1. in law; the territory within which power can be exercised
  2. ( law) the right and power to interpret and apply the law; " courts having jurisdiction in this district"
  3. The legal power, right, or authority of a particular court to hear and determine causes, to try criminals, or to execute justice; judicial authority over a cause or class of causes; as, certain suits or actions, or the cognizance of certain crimes, are within the jurisdiction of a particular court, that is, within the limits of its authority or commission.
  4. The authority of a sovereign power to govern or legislate; the right of making or enforcing laws; the power or right of exercising authority.
  5. Sphere of authority; the limits within which any particular power may be exercised, or within which a government or a court has authority.
  6. The authority of a court to hear and decide a case. To make a legally valid decision in a case, a court must have both " subject matter jurisdiction" ( power to hear the type of case in question, which is granted by the state legislatures and Congress) and " personal jurisdiction" ( power to make a decision affecting the parties involved in the lawsuit, which a court gets as a result of the parties' actions). For example, state court's subject matter jurisdiction includes the civil and criminal laws that the state legislature has passed, but does not include the right to hear patent disputes or immigration violations, which Congress has decided may only be heard in federal courts. And no court can entertain a case unless the parties agree to be there or live in the state ( or federal district) where the court sits, or have enough contacts with the state or district that it's fair to make them answer to that court. ( Doing business in a state, owning property there or driving on its highways will usually be enough to allow the court to hear the case.) The term jurisdiction is also commonly used to define the amount of money a court has the power to award. For example, small claims courts have jurisdiction only to hear cases up to a relatively low monetary amount-- depending on the state, typically in the range of $ 2, 000-$ 10, 000. If a court doesn't have personal jurisdiction over all the parties and the subject matter involved, it " lacks jurisdiction," which means it doesn't have the power to render a decision.
  7. Legal authority; extent of power; district over which authority extends.
  8. The distribution of justice: legal authority: extent of power: district over which any authority extends.
  9. JURISDICTIONAL.
  10. Legal authority; space over which it extends.
  11. The right or limit of exercising authority.
  12. Legal power or authority to execute the laws and distribute justice; legal authority; the limit within which power may be exercised. See Juridical.
  13. Legal power or authority; the power or right of exercising authority; the district to which any authority extends.
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Quotes of jurisdiction

  1. The offshore ocean area under U. S. jurisdiction is larger than our land mass, and teems with plant and animal life, mineral resources, commerce, trade, and energy sources. – Tom Allen
  2. You get a lawyer whether you're in a military tribunal or whether you're in a federal court, number one. The attorney general decided that the court with the biggest- with the greatest venue, with the best jurisdiction was the New York court. That was the right decision to make. – Joe Biden
  3. No mistake is more common and more fatuous than appealing to logic in cases which are beyond her jurisdiction – Samuel Butler
  4. I don't think anybody ever thought about the CIA meddling in internal affairs. The shock of the President's death called for an immediate investigation. It actually lay in the jurisdiction of Texas. – John Sherman Cooper
  5. Every citizen or subject of another country, while domiciled here, is within the allegiance and the protection, and consequently subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. – Horace Gray
  6. The real point is that totalitarian regimes have claimed jurisdiction over the whole person, and the whole society, and they don't at all believe that we should give unto Caesar that which is Caesar's and unto God that which is God's. – Jeane Kirkpatrick
  7. Like other antitrust agencies we make our assessment of a merger or antitrust case based on its impact on our jurisdiction and not on the nationality of the companies. This is exactly what the U. S. antitrust agencies, the Justice Department and the FTC, do. – Mario Monti
  8. But if the UN cannot or will not revise its rules in ways that establish beyond question the legality of the measures the United States must take to protect the American people, then we should unashamedly and explicitly reject the jurisdiction of these rules. – Richard Perle
  9. Congress should pass legislation to remove from the federal courts their jurisdiction to hear these outrageous challenges to the Ten Commandments and the Pledge of Allegiance. – Phyllis Schlafly
  10. It's not the physical location of birth that defines citizenship, but whether your parents are citizens, and the express or implied consent to jurisdiction of the sovereign. – Phyllis Schlafly
  11. Well, it was one of my most gratifying experiences because I could devote my knowledge and my talent for the good for the City of Washington, and all the Federal projects where the Fine Arts Commission had jurisdiction and it was a tremendous experience. – Felix de Weldon

Usage examples for jurisdiction

  1. That's not my jurisdiction – Legacy by James H Schmitz
  2. " I could put ye plumb square out of the county," roared Britt; " I've got land jurisdiction enough to do it. – King Spruce, A Novel by Holman Day
  3. Europeans are under the jurisdiction of their consuls. – Cities of the Dawn by J. Ewing Ritchie
  4. It is then provided that there shall be a library, reading- rooms, games and recreation- rooms, a theater or entertainment hall, a refreshment- room and a separate room for the use of and under the exclusive jurisdiction of the Army Temperance Association. – Modern India by William Eleroy Curtis
  5. " I am not under my uncle's jurisdiction – Mysterious Mr. Sabin by E. Phillips Oppenheim
  6. The group was assigned to the German sphere of influence by an agreement with Great Britain in 1885. German New Guinea was included in the jurisdiction – America's War for Humanity by Thomas Herbert Russell
  7. " This day," replied the minister, " the police lost its jurisdiction over the customs. – The Puppet Crown by Harold MacGrath
  8. After 1848, when this California estate came under United States jurisdiction Mexico refused to pay that part of the church outside of Mexico its share. – History of the United States, Volume 6 (of 6) by E. Benjamin Andrews
  9. As for Monsieur d'Halluys, he was not under the governor's direct jurisdiction and was simply ordered to stay in his room. – The Grey Cloak by Harold MacGrath
  10. The extent of this jurisdiction is perhaps all that now remains of the power once held by the Senate and Roman people. – Rome by Mildred Anna Rosalie Tuker Hope Malleson
  11. The old system of jurisdiction by elected officers was superseded by feudal jurisdiction having three degrees of power, and acting according to recognised local customs, varied by the right to ordeal by combat. – The World's Greatest Books, Vol XI. by Edited by Arthur Mee and J.A. Hammerton
  12. He held that they could not be trusted to deal fairly and reasonably with men, subject to their jurisdiction who dared to maintain independence in thought and action. – Sydney Smith by George W. E. Russell
  13. The religious and the political obligations of all citizens and all legislators coincide to protect, under the jurisdiction of Congress, the right of every man to be exempt from the condition of property, and to enjoy the property which he honestly earns. – Three Prize Essays on American Slavery by R. B. Thurston A.C. Baldwin Timothy Williston
  14. When therefore she had to do with a girl who did not acknowledge the jurisdiction of the law to which she bowed as supreme, she was out of her element- had got, as it seemed to her, into water too shoal to swim in; whereas, in fact, she had got into water too deep to wade in, and did not know how to swim. – Weighed and Wanting by George MacDonald
  15. In vain did many persons complain of this institution, as tearing the ecclesiastical jurisdiction out of the hands of the bishop of London, in whose diocese the whole British colonies in America were included. – An Historical Account Of The Rise And Progress Of The Colonies Of South Carolina And Georgia, Volume 1 by Alexander Hewatt
  16. And the spiritual side of his jurisdiction frightened him no less. – Saint Augustin by Louis Bertrand
  17. A divorce obtained from a court not having jurisdiction is absolutely void. – Legal Status Of Women In Iowa by Jennie Lansley Wilson
  18. I have nothing to say about the Ilbert Jurisdiction Bill, except that while officials have been divided about it, many of the most eminent being in its favour, non- officials almost to a man have been bitterly opposed to it. – Life and Work in Benares and Kumaon, 1839-1877 by James Kennedy
  19. It exerciseth a jurisdiction and when once it is installed in power and clothed with it, it is not so easy again to put it out of that throne. – The Works of the Rev. Hugh Binning by Hugh Binning
  20. Such jurisdiction is forbidden and the common law shall be executed and used, and have that which to it belongeth ... – Popular Law-making by Frederic Jesup Stimson