Definitions of jurisdiction

  1. in law; the territory within which power can be exercised
  2. ( law) the right and power to interpret and apply the law; " courts having jurisdiction in this district"
  3. The legal power, right, or authority of a particular court to hear and determine causes, to try criminals, or to execute justice; judicial authority over a cause or class of causes; as, certain suits or actions, or the cognizance of certain crimes, are within the jurisdiction of a particular court, that is, within the limits of its authority or commission.
  4. Sphere of authority; the limits within which any particular power may be exercised, or within which a government or a court has authority.
  5. The authority of a court to hear and decide a case. To make a legally valid decision in a case, a court must have both " subject matter jurisdiction" ( power to hear the type of case in question, which is granted by the state legislatures and Congress) and " personal jurisdiction" ( power to make a decision affecting the parties involved in the lawsuit, which a court gets as a result of the parties' actions). For example, state court's subject matter jurisdiction includes the civil and criminal laws that the state legislature has passed, but does not include the right to hear patent disputes or immigration violations, which Congress has decided may only be heard in federal courts. And no court can entertain a case unless the parties agree to be there or live in the state ( or federal district) where the court sits, or have enough contacts with the state or district that it's fair to make them answer to that court. ( Doing business in a state, owning property there or driving on its highways will usually be enough to allow the court to hear the case.) The term jurisdiction is also commonly used to define the amount of money a court has the power to award. For example, small claims courts have jurisdiction only to hear cases up to a relatively low monetary amount-- depending on the state, typically in the range of $ 2, 000-$ 10, 000. If a court doesn't have personal jurisdiction over all the parties and the subject matter involved, it " lacks jurisdiction," which means it doesn't have the power to render a decision.
  6. Legal authority; extent of power; district over which authority extends.
  7. The distribution of justice: legal authority: extent of power: district over which any authority extends.
  9. Legal authority; space over which it extends.
  10. The right or limit of exercising authority.
  11. Legal power or authority to execute the laws and distribute justice; legal authority; the limit within which power may be exercised. See Juridical.
  12. Legal power or authority; the power or right of exercising authority; the district to which any authority extends.

Usage examples for jurisdiction

  1. The extent of this jurisdiction is perhaps all that now remains of the power once held by the Senate and Roman people. – Rome by Mildred Anna Rosalie Tuker Hope Malleson
  2. And the spiritual side of his jurisdiction frightened him no less. – Saint Augustin by Louis Bertrand
  3. The group was assigned to the German sphere of influence by an agreement with Great Britain in 1885. German New Guinea was included in the jurisdiction. – America's War for Humanity by Thomas Herbert Russell
  4. The religious and the political obligations of all citizens and all legislators coincide to protect, under the jurisdiction of Congress, the right of every man to be exempt from the condition of property, and to enjoy the property which he honestly earns. – Three Prize Essays on American Slavery by R. B. Thurston A.C. Baldwin Timothy Williston
  5. " I am not under my uncle's jurisdiction. – Mysterious Mr. Sabin by E. Phillips Oppenheim
  6. " I could put ye plumb square out of the county," roared Britt; " I've got land jurisdiction enough to do it. – King Spruce, A Novel by Holman Day
  7. Such jurisdiction is forbidden and the common law shall be executed and used, and have that which to it belongeth ... – Popular Law-making by Frederic Jesup Stimson
  8. A divorce obtained from a court not having jurisdiction is absolutely void. – Legal Status Of Women In Iowa by Jennie Lansley Wilson
  9. It is then provided that there shall be a library, reading- rooms, games and recreation- rooms, a theater or entertainment hall, a refreshment- room and a separate room for the use of and under the exclusive jurisdiction of the Army Temperance Association. – Modern India by William Eleroy Curtis
  10. In vain did many persons complain of this institution, as tearing the ecclesiastical jurisdiction out of the hands of the bishop of London, in whose diocese the whole British colonies in America were included. – An Historical Account Of The Rise And Progress Of The Colonies Of South Carolina And Georgia, Volume 1 by Alexander Hewatt
  11. As for Monsieur d'Halluys, he was not under the governor's direct jurisdiction, and was simply ordered to stay in his room. – The Grey Cloak by Harold MacGrath
  12. It exerciseth a jurisdiction; and when once it is installed in power and clothed with it, it is not so easy again to put it out of that throne. – The Works of the Rev. Hugh Binning by Hugh Binning
  13. I have nothing to say about the Ilbert Jurisdiction Bill, except that while officials have been divided about it, many of the most eminent being in its favour, non- officials almost to a man have been bitterly opposed to it. – Life and Work in Benares and Kumaon, 1839-1877 by James Kennedy
  14. When therefore she had to do with a girl who did not acknowledge the jurisdiction of the law to which she bowed as supreme, she was out of her element- had got, as it seemed to her, into water too shoal to swim in; whereas, in fact, she had got into water too deep to wade in, and did not know how to swim. – Weighed and Wanting by George MacDonald
  15. " This day," replied the minister, " the police lost its jurisdiction over the customs. – The Puppet Crown by Harold MacGrath
  16. Europeans are under the jurisdiction of their consuls. – Cities of the Dawn by J. Ewing Ritchie
  17. That's not my jurisdiction. – Legacy by James H Schmitz
  18. The old system of jurisdiction by elected officers was superseded by feudal jurisdiction, having three degrees of power, and acting according to recognised local customs, varied by the right to ordeal by combat. – The World's Greatest Books, Vol XI. by Edited by Arthur Mee and J.A. Hammerton
  19. He held that they could not be trusted to deal fairly and reasonably with men, subject to their jurisdiction, who dared to maintain independence in thought and action. – Sydney Smith by George W. E. Russell