\ɡˌɒnəɹˈi͡ə], \ɡˌɒnəɹˈiə], \ɡ_ˌɒ_n_ə_ɹ_ˈiə]\
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By Princeton University
By DataStellar Co., Ltd
An inflammatory discharge of mucus from the membrane of the urethra in both sexes; and from that of the prepuce in man, and the vagina in woman. It may be excited spontaneously, or by irritants applied directly to the membrane; but is usually produced by impure connexion. Two great varieties have been generally reckoned.-1. Gonorrhoea Pura seu Benigna. That which does not follow an impure connexion; (F.) Echauffement, Blennorrhagia benigna, Canlorrhoea benigna, Catarrhus Urethrae, Gonorrhoea catarrhalis seu non contagiosa: - and, 2. Gonorhoea Impura, maligna, contagiosa, syphilitica, et virulenta; Fluor albus malignus, Fluxus venereus, Blennorrhoea luodes, Baptorrhoea, Myxiosis, Lues gonorrhoica, Scrophulae gonorrhoicoe, Tubercula gonorrhoica, Clap, (Old E.) Chawdpys, (F.) Chaudepisse; that which is the result of impure commerce. The French, also, distinguish the Chaudepisse seche, or that unaccompanied with discharge; and the Chaudepisse chordee, Gonnorrhoea cordata, or that accompanied with chordce, and which, of course, occurs only in the male. It is the kind that most frequently engages the attention of the practitioner, and is characterized by mucous discharge from the urethra or vagina, intermixed with specific matter, and accompanied with burning pain on micturition. It is decidedly infectious. It is, however, a distinct disease from syphilis, and never produces it. Its duration is various, but the inflammatory symptoms usually subside in four or five weeks; leaving generally behind more or less of the gonorrhoea mucosa or gleet. Gonorrhoea of every kind, attended with any inflammatory symptoms, is best treated by the antiphlogistic regimen; avoiding every kind of irritation, and keeping the body cool by small doses of salts, and the urine diluted by the mildest fluids. After the inflammatory symptoms have subsided, cubebs, or the balsam of copaiba, exhibited in the dose of a teaspoonful, three times a day, will be found effectual: indeed, during the existence of the inflammatory symptoms, it often affords decided relief. Injections are rarely required. Sometimes, gonorrhoea affects the glans; when it is called Gonorrhoea Spuria seu Balani, Balanoblennorrhoea, Balannorrhoea, Balanitis, Blennorrhagia spuria seu notha, (F.) Blennorrhagie du gland, Gonorrhee batarde, Fausse Blennorrhagie. It requires only cleanliness and cooling lotions. This is the simple form of balanitis. It may, however, be of the impure kind-Balanorrhagia (F.) Balanite contagieuse. Some other varieties of gonorrhoea have been enumerated, but they are of little moment. In consequence of repeated attacks of gonorrhoea, or of the debility induced by a single attack, it not unfrequently happens, as already remarked, that a constant, small discharge occurs, or remains behind, after all danger of infection is removed. The great difference between it and gonorrhoea is, that it is uninfectious. The discharge consists of globular particles, contained in a slimy mucus, and is generally devoid of that yellow colour which characterizes the discharge of gonorrhoea virulenta. It is unattended with pain, scalding, &c. To this state the names Gleet, Gonorrhoea mucosa, Blennorrhoea chronica, Blennorrhoea, &c., have been given. It is commonly a disease of some duration, and demands the use of the copaiba, astringent injection; and, if obstinate, the introduction of the bougie.
By Robley Dunglison
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