\ɡˈaŋɡɹiːn], \ɡˈaŋɡɹiːn], \ɡ_ˈa_ŋ_ɡ_ɹ_iː_n]\
Definitions of GANGRENE
- 2006 - WordNet 3.0
- 2011 - English Dictionary Database
- 2010 - New Age Dictionary Database
- 1913 - Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
- 2010 - Medical Dictionary Database
- 1919 - The Winston Simplified Dictionary
- 1919 - The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language
- 1920 - A practical medical dictionary.
- 1898 - Warner's pocket medical dictionary of today.
- 1899 - The american dictionary of the english language.
- 1894 - The Clarendon dictionary
- 1874 - Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language
- 1846 - Medical lexicon: a dictionary of medical science
- 1898 - American pocket medical dictionary
- 1916 - Appleton's medical dictionary
- 1871 - The Cabinet Dictionary of the English Language
- 1790 - A Complete Dictionary of the English Language
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By Princeton University
By DataStellar Co., Ltd
By Oddity Software
By Noah Webster.
By DataStellar Co., Ltd
By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer
By James Champlin Fernald
By Stedman, Thomas Lathrop
By William R. Warner
By Daniel Lyons
By William Hand Browne, Samuel Stehman Haldeman
By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H.
Privation of life or partial death of an organ. Authors have generally distinguished mortification into two stages; naming the first incipient or gangrene. It is attended with a sudden diminution of feeling in the part affected; livid discoloration; detachment of the cuticle, under which a turbid fluid is effused; with crepitation, owing to the disengagement of air into the areolar texture. When the part has become quite black, and incapable of all feeling, circulation, and life, it constitutes the second stage, or mortification, and is called sphacelus. Gangrene, however, is frequently used synonymously with mortification, -local asphyxia being the term employed for that condition, in which the parts are in a state of suspended animation, and, consequently, susceptible of resuscitation. When the part is filled with fluid entering into putrefaction, the affection is called humid gangrene, (F.) Gangrene humide: on the other hand, when it is dry and shrivelled, it constitutes dry gangrene; (F.) Gangrene seche. To this class belongs the gangrae'na senilis, G. Pottii, Presbyasphacelus, or spantaneous gangrene of old people, which rarely admits of cure. Whatever may be the kind of gangrene, it may be caused by violent inflammation, contusion, a burn, congelation, the ligature of a large arterial trunk, or by some inappreciable internal cause. The treatment, both of external and internal gangrene, varies according to the causes which produce it. Gangrene from excessive inflammation is obviated by antiphlogistics; and that from intense cold by cautiously restoring the- circulation by cold frictions, &c. When the gangrene has become developed, the separation of the eschars must be encouraged by emollient applications, if there be considerable reaction; or by tonics and stimulants, if the reaction be insufficient.
By Robley Dunglison
By Willam Alexander Newman Dorland
Complete death of a considerable portion of the living body. It is due to pressure, constriction, invagination, or torsion; to embolism, thrombosis, or disease of the wall of a blood vessel; to certain diseases of the blood vessel; to exposure to great heat or cold; to the application of certain drugs; and to poisoning of the system with ergot taken internally. When the cause is unknown, it is said to be idiopathic. Gangrene is classed as dry or moist, according as the tissues are dry, shrunken, hard, and black, or soft, wet, rotten, and foul-smelling.
By Smith Ely Jelliffe