\ˈɜːɡət], \ˈɜːɡət], \ˈɜː_ɡ_ə_t]\
Definitions of ERGOT
- 2006 - WordNet 3.0
- 2011 - English Dictionary Database
- 2010 - New Age Dictionary Database
- 1913 - Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
- 1919 - The Winston Simplified Dictionary
- 1920 - A practical medical dictionary.
- 1898 - Warner's pocket medical dictionary of today.
- 1894 - The Clarendon dictionary
- 1914 - Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language
- 1874 - Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language
- 1920 - A dictionary of scientific terms.
- 1846 - Medical lexicon: a dictionary of medical science
- 1898 - American pocket medical dictionary
- 1916 - Appleton's medical dictionary
- 1871 - The Cabinet Dictionary of the English Language
- 1790 - A Complete Dictionary of the English Language
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By Princeton University
By DataStellar Co., Ltd
By Oddity Software
By Noah Webster.
By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer
By William R. Warner
By William Hand Browne, Samuel Stehman Haldeman
By Nuttall, P.Austin.
By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H.
By Henderson, I. F.; Henderson, W. D.
Ergot is generally considered to be the result of a disease in rye, occurring most frequently when a hot summer succeeds a rainy spring. Decandolle, however, regards it as a parasitic fungus, and calls it Sclerotium elavus; whilst Leveille esteems it to be a fungus giving a coating to the diseased grain; the medical virtues residing in the coating. This parasitic fungus he calls Sphacelia segetum. More recently, it has been maintained, that it is a diseased state of the grain occasioned by the growth of a fungus not previously detected, to which the names Ergotoetia abortans seu abortifaciens, Oidiom abortifaciens, Ergot-mould, have been given. It is found projecting from among the leaves of the spike or ear, and is a long, crooked excrescence, resembling the spur of a cock, pointed at its extremities, of a dark brown colour externally, and white within. This substance has been long used in Germany to act on the uterus, as its names Mutterkorn and Gebarpulver testify. Upwards of forty years ago, it was recommended in this country, by Dr. John Stearns, of Saratoga County, New York, for accelerating parturition; and since that period, numerous testimonials have been offered in its favour. Half a drachm of the powder is gently boiled in half a pint of water, and one-third part given every 20 minutes, until proper pains begin. Some recommend the clear watery infusion; others advise the powder; others the oil; and others the wine. It is obvious that, in many cases, the uterine efforts would return in the period which would necessarily elapse in the administration of ergot; so that several of the cases, at least, of reputed efficacy, may not have been dependent upon the assigned agent. Ergot also possesses, it is affirmed, narcotic virtues, which have rendered it useful in hemorrhagic and other affections of excitement. Bread, made of spurred rye, has been attended with the effects described under Ergotism.
Hippocampus minor-e., Ergot.
By Robley Dunglison
By Willam Alexander Newman Dorland
The sclerotium of Claviceps purpurea, growing on and replacing the grain of rye, Secale cereale. The chemistry of e. presents many difficulties, and it has been the subject of much dispute, but it appears that ergot contains at least two alkaloids: amorphous ergotinin, having crystalline salts, and crystalline ergotinin, having amorphous salts; the latter alkaloid being concerned in the action of e. on blood pressure. E. also contains tyramin, the action of which resembles that of epinephrin, and another amin which is present in small amount and is probably not concerned in the therapeutic action of the drug. It is impossible to give all the terms which have been applied by different investigators to the various substances found in e., the same name having been given to different substances and the same substances having received different names, owing to the difficulty of isolating the various principles in a fair degree of purity. E. is used therapeutically for its action on the uterus, whereby the organ is thrown into tonic contraction, after the delivery of the placenta, or, less frequently, to induce peristaltic contraction to facilitate the expulsion of the fetus [U. S.].
By Smith Ely Jelliffe