Definitions of damages

  1. In a lawsuit, money awarded to one party based on injury or loss caused by the other. There are many different types or categories of damages that occasionally overlap, including: compensatory damages Damages that cover actual injury or economic loss. Compensatory damages are intended to put the injured party in the position he was in prior to the injury. Compensatory damages typically include medical expenses, lost wages and the repair or replacement of property. Also called " actual damages." general damages Damages intended to cover injuries for which an exact dollar amount cannot be calculated. General damages are usually composed of pain and suffering, but can also include compensation for a shortened life expectancy, loss of the companionship of a loved one and, in defamation cases ( libel and slander), loss of reputation. nominal damages A term used when a judge or jury finds in favor of one party to a lawsuit-- often because a law requires them to do so-- but concludes that no real harm was done and therefore awards a very small amount of money. For example, if one neighbor sues another for libel based on untrue things the second neighbor said about the first, a jury might conclude that although libel technically occurred, no serious damage was done to the first neighbor's reputation and consequentially award nominal damages of $ 1. 00. punitive damages Sometimes called exemplary damages, awarded over and above special and general damages to punish a losing party's willful or malicious misconduct. special damages Damages that cover the winning party's out- of- pocket costs. For example, in a vehicle accident, special damages typically include medical expenses, car repair costs, rental car fees and lost wages. Often called " specials." statutory damages Damages required by statutory law. For example, in many states if a landlord doesn't return a tenant's security deposit in a timely fashion or give a reason why it is being withheld, the state statutes give the judge authority to order the landlord to pay damages of double or triple the amount of the deposit. treble damages Lawyerspeak for triple damages. To penalize lawbreakers, statutes occasionally give judges the power to award the winning party in a civil lawsuit the amount it lost as a result of the other party's illegal conduct, plus damages of three times that amount.
  2. of Damage
  3. Money awarded by a court of law on account of loss or injury to property, or injury to person, through the fault of another.

Usage examples for damages

  1. Shall have to pay damages when I settle up with Slaney. – It Happened in Egypt by C. N. Williamson A. M. Williamson
  2. After a hard set- to, lasting about three- quarters of an hour, the Frenchman struck, having lost 50 men killed and 30 wounded, whilst the Eagle lost 10 killed and 80 wounded; and the list of damages to the ship reported to the Admiralty shows that the action was sharp though short. – The Life of Captain James Cook by Arthur Kitson
  3. " I heard the order given; but I should like to fall in with the Dolphin, for we must run back to Falmouth and repair damages. – A Yacht Voyage Round England by W.H.G. Kingston
  4. I told them about Agnes Thompson, how she lost her thumb and finger in the mill this spring, and what the Company offered her for damages, and how hard it is for mothers with little children to leave home and work; and they want to build a day nursery where the babies and children can be looked after, and that's why I said I'd learned what to do with money. – Clover and Blue Grass by Eliza Calvert Hall
  5. The Australian National University claimed another $ 4200 in damages. – Underground by Suelette Dreyfus
  6. A fortnight's leave was given, for the men to visit their homes, and the money which they had gained in their trip was of great use to their friends in enabling them to repair the damages effected by the Danes. – The Dragon and the Raven or, The Days of King Alfred by G. A. Henty
  7. And he'll collar the damages instead of you. – The Red Derelict by Bertram Mitford
  8. I must have damages, for I shan't be able to use this finger for a week, may be. – The Cook's Wedding and Other Stories by Anton Chekhov
  9. The Frolic's masts fell shortly after she had been boarded, and now every effort was made to repair damages and take care of the many wounded and the dying. – Yankee Ships and Yankee Sailors: Tales of 1812 by James Barnes
  10. On the 12th of the month, having repaired damages, we put to sea with his. – Hurricane Hurry by W.H.G. Kingston
  11. And I couldn't get any damages . – The Second-Story Man by Upton Sinclair
  12. " Lucky my place isn't a china store, or you'd have a lot of damages to pay for broken dishes. – Bunny Brown and his Sister Sue Giving a Show by Laura Lee Hope
  13. Oh, there won't be any claim for damages, I guess. – Cap'n Warren's Wards by Joseph C. Lincoln
  14. If we can't get justice of him, we can get damages, cried Elsworthy. – The Perpetual Curate by Mrs [Margaret] Oliphant
  15. Besides, the boys needs a little drink, an' we'll charge this here bottle up along with the rest of the damages an' make him pay 'em. – Prairie Flowers by James B. Hendryx
  16. The Dutch followed, but at a distance, thinking to repair their damages still farther before they again engaged. – When London Burned by G. A. Henty
  17. I enquired how much the costs amounted to, and paid them, laughing at the policemen's claim of damages for blows they had received. – The Memoires of Casanova, Complete The Rare Unabridged London Edition Of 1894, plus An Unpublished Chapter of History, By Arthur Symons by Jacques Casanova de Seingalt