\kənvˈɛnʃən ɹˌɛvəlˈuːʃənəɹi], \kənvˈɛnʃən ɹˌɛvəlˈuːʃənəɹi], \k_ə_n_v_ˈɛ_n_ʃ_ə_n ɹ_ˌɛ_v_ə_l_ˈuː_ʃ_ə_n_ə_ɹ_i]\
Definitions of CONVENTION REVOLUTIONARY
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In English history, conventions, resembling Parliaments in everything but in not being summoned by the crown, were held in 1660 and in 1689. Thence the name came to America and was similarly applied, as in Massachusetts in 1689 and in South Carolina in 1718, to irregular meetings of the popular branch of the Legislature, summoned in the absence of executive authority. In the troubles that led to the Revolution, when royal governors dissolved assemblies, they often met again at once in "conventions." These representative bodies soon came to have all authority, to the exclusion of the royal government. In the provisional governments which managed the Revolution in each State, the controlling body, up to the time when the first Constitution was made for the State, was the convention. These revolutionary conventions were sovereign bodies, and most commonly they made the State's first Constitution, though soon the feeling grew that this should be done by a special convention elected by the people for that express purpose. Conventions, supposed to represent the sovereignty of the State in a more complete degree than Legislatures could, controlled the nullification proceedings in South Carolina in 1832, and passed the ordinances of secession on behalf of the Southern States in 1860 and 1861.
By John Franklin Jameson