Definitions of commute

  1. travel back and forth regularly, as between one's place of work and home
  2. transpose and remain equal in value; of variables or operators, in mathematics; " These operators commute with each other"
  3. exchange or replace with another, usually of the same kind or category; " Could you convert my dollars into pounds?"; " He changed his name"; " convert centimeters into inches"; " convert holdings into shares"
  4. exchange a penalty for a less severe one
  5. change the order or arrangement of; " Dyslexics often transpose letters in a word"
  6. transpose and remain equal in value; " These operators commute with each other"
  7. To exchange; to put or substitute something else in place of, as a smaller penalty, obligation, or payment, for a greater, or a single thing for an aggregate; hence, to lessen; to diminish; as, to commute a sentence of death to one of imprisonment for life; to commute tithes; to commute charges for fares.
  8. To obtain or bargain for exemption or substitution; to effect a commutation.
  9. To pay, or arrange to pay, in gross instead of part by part; as, to commute for a year's travel over a route.
  10. To exchange; substitute; in electrical usage, to alter, as a current; reduce the severity of; as, the governor was asked to commute the prisoner's sentence.
  11. To pay in gross, at a reduced rate, as railroad fare.
  12. To exchange: to exchange a punishment for one less severe.
  13. To exchange; exchange a penalty or rate.
  14. To reduce to something less.
  15. To pay at a reduced rate.
  16. To exchange; to substitute one penalty or punishment for another of less severity; to substitute one kind of payment for another.
  17. To pay in one kind of way for another.
  18. To put one thing in the place of another; to mitigate; to change a penalty or punishment to one less severe.

Usage examples for commute

  1. All annual stipends or allowances, charged upon the reserves before the passage of the imperial act of 1853, were continued during the lives of existing incumbents, though the latter could commute their stipends or allowances for their value in money, and in this way create a small permanent endowment for the advantage of the church to which they belonged. – Lord Elgin by John George Bourinot
  2. Those who seek to establish a country residence simply as a place from which to commute to city attractions will not only miss the greatest asset in country living but will probably find this existence unsatisfactory. – A Living from the Land by William B. Duryee
  3. Rum and other spirits, we can furnish to a greater amount than you require, as soon as our wagons are in readiness, and shall be glad to commute into that article some others which we have not, particularly sugar, coffee, and salt. – Memoir, Correspondence, And Miscellanies, From The Papers Of Thomas Jefferson by Thomas Jefferson
  4. They can't carry on much of a war- unless the soldiers commute by monorail. – Sjambak by John Holbrook Vance
  5. But is not the fact that a Sessions Judge should commute such a sentence, on the ground that the offence was " very common," enough to suggest a doubt as to the deterrent effect of even this punishment? – Lotus Buds by Amy Carmichael
  6. The Breton was dismayed, the attorney interceded from motives of compassion, and prevailed on the alguazil to commute the penalty for only a hundred reals. – The Exemplary Novels of Cervantes by Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra
  7. Tempt me not again, for the next time shall be the last, and the fish of the nearest river shall commute the flesh of a recreant knight into the fast- day dinner of an uncarnivorous friar. – Maid Marian by Thomas Love Peacock
  8. " Ask him if he won't commute your sentence because you live in the country and are a commuter," I suggested. – Get Next! by Hugh McHugh
  9. The duties of the President are, among other things, to negotiate treaties and to represent the nation in its external relations generally, to appoint and dismiss the ministers and public officials, to summon the Congress in extraordinary session, to promulgate the laws of Congress, together with the instructions and regulations necessary for their enforcement, and to remit and commute penalties. – The Governments of Europe by Frederic Austin Ogg
  10. " But I will commute said the friar; " for twenty marks a year duly paid into my ghostly pocket you shall call your daughter Mawd two hundred times a day." – Maid Marian by Thomas Love Peacock
  11. I now hold in my hand a letter from a Trenton friend informing me that this recommendation induced the Governor to commute the death sentence into imprisonment. – Janice Meredith by Paul Leicester Ford
  12. Within twenty- four hours over a million people had signed a petition in his favour, and the following day His Majesty was pleased to commute the sentence to one of penal servitude for life. – A Rogue by Compulsion by Victor Bridges
  13. Workers and students commute by bus. – Joe Burke's Last Stand by John Moncure Wetterau
  14. Had the Board refused to commute my sentence after hearing the argument, another attempt could be made later on. – Prison Memoirs of an Anarchist by Alexander Berkman
  15. Many of the crews had been shipped in compliance with the admiral's ill- judged proposition, to commute criminal punishments into transportation to the colony. – The Life and Voyages of Christopher Columbus (Vol. II) by Washington Irving
  16. Sometimes it was rumoured that the governor was going to commute the sentence to imprisonment for life; then the rumour was contradicted. – Revenge! by by Robert Barr
  17. When the governor was finally induced to intervene and commute some of the sentences, she had a muddled notion that he had deprived Society of its just vengeance, that the well- to- do, well- meaning people had failed to get full punishment for the shocking deeds of the anarchists. – One Woman's Life by Robert Herrick
  18. Those were persons condemned to be delivered to the secular arm, and the long habits distinguished confessors busily collecting confessions in order to commute that penalty for some other scarcely less dreadful. – Life in the Grey Nunnery at Montreal by Sarah J Richardson