Definitions of carbon

  1. an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds
  2. a thin paper coated on one side with a dark waxy substance ( often containing carbon); used to transfer characters from the original to an under sheet of paper
  3. a copy made with carbon paper
  4. An elementary substance, not metallic in its nature, which is present in all organic compounds. Atomic weight 11. 97. Symbol C. it is combustible, and forms the base of lampblack and charcoal, and enters largely into mineral coals. In its pure crystallized state it constitutes the diamond, the hardest of known substances, occuring in monometric crystals like the octahedron, etc. Another modification is graphite, or blacklead, and in this it is soft, and occurs in hexagonal prisms or tables. When united with oxygen it forms carbon dioxide, commonly called carbonic acid, or carbonic oxide, according to the proportions of the oxygen; when united with hydrogen, it forms various compounds called hydrocarbons. Compare Diamond, and Graphite.
  5. A carbon rod or pencil used in an arc lamp; also, a plate or piece of carbon used as one of the elements of a voltaic battery.
  6. A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight 12. 011. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE.
  7. A nonmetallic element occurring in nature as the diamond and as graphite, and in coal, charcoal, coke, etc., and all organic substances; anything made of carbon, as the rod of an arc lamp.
  8. Carbonaceous.
  9. A non- metallic tetrad element, symbol C, atomic weight 12. It occurs in two forms; the diamond and graphite, and also occurs in impure form in charcoal, coke, and soot. It is found in all living tissues, and the study of its vast number of compounds constitutes organic chemistry.
  10. A non- metallic element, the constituent of atmosphere, coal, charcoal, diamond and graphite.
  11. An elementary substance, widely diffused, of which pure charcoal is an example.
  12. Pure charcoal.
  13. A non metallic chemical element; pure charcoal.
  14. Pure charcoal, existing pure only in the diamond.

Usage examples for carbon

  1. A texture equally minute and complicated has been observed in the wood of large trunks of fossil trees found in the Craigleith quarry near Edinburgh, where the stone was not in the slightest degree siliceous, but consisted chiefly of carbonate of lime, with oxide of iron, alumina, and carbon. – The Student's Elements of Geology by Sir Charles Lyell
  2. Its component parts are nineteen of carbon and one of iron. – Eight Years' Wandering in Ceylon by Samuel White Baker
  3. And somehow at that moment there flashed through his mind the recollection of Ottilie von Dussel and the carbon in the pay- book, which had enabled her to escape with her notes. – With Haig on the Somme by D. H. Parry
  4. The atoms of carbon which compose the coal have a powerful affinity for the oxygen of the air. – Natural Law in the Spiritual World by Henry Drummond
  5. Instead of zinc and copper these batteries use zinc and carbon. – Letters of a Radio-Engineer to His Son by John Mills
  6. One half or more of every plant is made up of the element carbon. – Dry-Farming by John A. Widtsoe
  7. I am about to put the oxygen and the carbon together. – The Chemical History Of A Candle by Michael Faraday
  8. Coal- dust and the carbon deposited from volumes of thick smoke have darkened the earth, and coated everything with a black crust. – Hodge and His Masters by Richard Jefferies
  9. There is plenty of carbon in the gas; but, because the atmosphere can get to it, and mix with it before it burns, you see how pale and blue the flame is. – The Chemical History Of A Candle by Michael Faraday
  10. Carbon is by far the most abundant as is indicated in the chapters on fuels. – Steam, Its Generation and Use by Babcock & Wilcox Co.
  11. He gave a Carbon Talk at the Sforza's Thursday Night Club, merely to oblige Madame Sforza, and three weeks later discovered that she had sold his pictures to pay for her gown! – The Pursuit of the House-Boat by John Kendrick Bangs
  12. Not at all; it is very little more difficult than ordinary carbon printing, which is practised successfully by numbers of amateurs. – The Red Thumb Mark by R. Austin Freeman
  13. You know the composition of air,- oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon. – Seraphita by Honore de Balzac
  14. It is carbon, i. – An Introduction to Chemical Science by R.P. Williams
  15. But long hours at the laboratory had made it very hard for FitzMorris to concentrate his brain on anything for a long time; he was happily dreaming, let us hope, of carbon bisulphate, when the roar, " How's that?" – The Loom of Youth by Alec Waugh
  16. It is usually assumed that the entire combustible element in the ash is carbon, which assumption is practically correct. – Steam, Its Generation and Use by Babcock & Wilcox Co.
  17. Now, if the carbon dioxide were increased 100 times, we would have only three per cent. – The Dollar Hen by Milo M. Hastings
  18. One great difficulty in the manufacture of steel was to leave just the right amount of carbon in the iron. – Diggers in the Earth by Eva March Tappan
  19. Protoplasm as far as examined contains the four elements,- carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen. – What is Darwinism? by Charles Hodge
  20. Connect one of the binding posts of the buzzer with one post of the switch, the other post of the latter with the zinc post of the dry cell and the carbon post of this to the other post of the buzzer. – The Radio Amateur's Hand Book by A. Frederick Collins