\bˈɔːlsəm], \bˈɔːlsəm], \b_ˈɔː_l_s_ə_m]\
Definitions of BALSAM
- 2006 - WordNet 3.0
- 2011 - English Dictionary Database
- 2010 - New Age Dictionary Database
- 1913 - Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
- 1919 - The Winston Simplified Dictionary
- 1899 - The american dictionary of the english language.
- 1894 - The Clarendon dictionary
- 1919 - The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language
- 1914 - Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language
- 1874 - Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language
- 1846 - Medical lexicon: a dictionary of medical science
- 1898 - American pocket medical dictionary
- 1916 - Appleton's medical dictionary
- 1871 - The Cabinet Dictionary of the English Language
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By Oddity Software
By Noah Webster.
By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer
By Daniel Lyons
By William Hand Browne, Samuel Stehman Haldeman
By James Champlin Fernald
By Nuttall, P.Austin.
By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H.
This name is given to natural vegetable substances, concrete or liquid, but very odorous, bitter, and piquant: composed of resin, benzoic acid, and sometimes of an essential oil-which allow benzoic acid to be disengaged by the action of heat; readily dissolved in volatile oil, alcohol, and ether; and, when treated with alkalies, afford a soluble benzoate, and throw down resin. We know of only five balsams-those of Peru, and Tolu, Benzoin, solid Styrax or Storax, and liquid Styrax. (See those different words.) There are, however, many pharmaceutical preparations and resinous substances, possessed of a balsamic smell, to which the name balsam has been given; but they differ essentially in composition and properties: hence the distinction of balsams into natural and artificial. The natural balsams include the five before mentioned; the artificial the remainder.
By Robley Dunglison
By Willam Alexander Newman Dorland
A term originally applied only to balm of Gilead, but now extended to a number of substances more or less resembling that body, all of them being viscid, aromatic liquids which exude from growing plants, and which consist of a mixture of resin and a volatile oil. They are insoluble in water, partially soluble in ether, and wholly soluble in alcohol. On exposure to the air, they harden from oxidation and from the evaporation of the volatile oil. They are divided into two groups: (a) Those of a purely oleoresinous character, such as copaiba b., Mecca b., etc., commonly designated as oleoresins in the U. S. Ph. (b) Those that contain cinnamic acid, such as b. of Peru, b. of Tolu, etc.; these alone are designated as balsams in the U. S. Ph.
A medicinal preparation resembling a natural balsam in physical properties, especially one containing an oily ingredient.
By Smith Ely Jelliffe