Definitions of Baalbec

  1. called by the Greeks Heliopolis i.e., " the city of the sun", because of its famous Temple of the Sun, has by some been supposed to be Solomon's " house of the forest of Lebanon" ( 1 Kings 7:2 ; 10:17 ; 2 Chr 9:16 ); by others it is identified with Baal-gad ( q.v.). It was a city of Coele-Syria, on the lowest declivity of Anti-Libanus, about 42 miles north-west of Damascus. It was one of the most splendid of Syrian cities, existing from a remote antiquity. After sustaining several sieges under the Moslems and others, it was finally destroyed by an earthquake in 1759. Its ruins are of great extent.