ARITHMETIC AND LOGIC UNIT
\ɐɹˈɪθmətˌɪk and lˈɒd͡ʒɪk jˈuːnɪt], \ɐɹˈɪθmətˌɪk and lˈɒdʒɪk jˈuːnɪt], \ɐ_ɹ_ˈɪ_θ_m_ə_t_ˌɪ_k a_n_d l_ˈɒ_dʒ_ɪ_k j_ˈuː_n_ɪ_t]\
Definitions of ARITHMETIC AND LOGIC UNIT
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(ALU or "mill") The part of the centralprocessing unit which performs operations such as addition,subtraction and multiplication of integers and bit-wiseAND, OR, NOT, XOR and other Boolean operations. TheCPU's instruction decode logic determines which particularoperation the ALU should perform, the source of the operandsand the destination of the result.The width in bits of the words which the ALU handles isusually the same as that quoted for the processor as a wholewhereas its external busses may be narrower. Floating-pointoperations are usually done by a separate "floating-pointunit". Some processors use the ALU for address calculations(e.g. incrementing the program counter), others haveseparate logic for this.
By Denis Howe
Word of the day
bcr v abl Oncogene
- Retrovirus-associated DNA sequences (abl) originally isolated from Abelson murine leukemia virus (Ab-MuLV). proto-oncogene abl (codes for a protein that member tyrosine kinase family. human c-abl gene is located at 9q34.1 on the long arm of chromosome 9. It activated by translocation to bcr 22 in chronic myelogenous leukemia.